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  • Laura Pamatian

Crowdfunding or Online Capital Formation with Tokenization

Crowdfunding is a method of raising money from a large number of people, typically via the internet, to finance a specific project, business venture, or charitable cause. There are several different types of crowdfunding, including:

  1. Reward-based crowdfunding, where backers receive a tangible reward for their contribution.

  2. Equity crowdfunding, where backers receive an ownership stake in the company.

  3. Debt crowdfunding, where backers lend money to the project and are repaid with interest.

Online capital formation, also known as online investment platforms, is a method of raising capital for a business by offering securities such as stocks or bonds to investors over the internet.


There are a few similarities between crowdfunding and online capital formation:

  1. Both methods involve raising money from a large number of people, typically via the internet.

  2. Both methods allow companies to raise capital more quickly and efficiently than traditional methods such as going public or seeking venture capital funding.

  3. Both methods allow investors to access a wider range of investment opportunities and companies to raise capital from a larger pool of investors.

  4. Both methods involve some level of risk for both companies and investors, and it is important for both parties to carefully consider the potential returns and risks of any investment.

However, there are also significant differences between the two methods. Crowdfunding typically involves the exchange of rewards or charitable donations, while online capital formation involves the sale of securities and the issuance of ownership or debt instruments to investors. Online capital formation typically involves more regulatory oversight and requires companies to disclose more information about their business and financials to investors.


Tokenization refers to the process of representing a real-world asset, such as a security or a commodity, as a digital token on a blockchain. Tokenization allows assets to be easily transferred and tracked electronically, increasing efficiency and reducing the need for intermediaries. Tokenization is often used in conjunction with blockchain-based online capital formation platforms, allowing investors to buy and sell tokenized securities or assets more easily and efficiently. Tokenization can also make it easier for companies to raise capital by enabling them to issue and sell tokenized securities to investors over the internet.


Here is an overview of the process of online capital formation:

  1. The company seeking to raise capital creates a profile on an online investment platform. This profile includes information about the company, its business plan, and the securities being offered.

  2. Investors can browse the platform to find investment opportunities that match their interests and risk tolerance. They can also search for specific companies or industries.

  3. Once an investor has found an investment opportunity they are interested in, they can review the company's profile and assess the risk and potential return of the investment.

  4. If the investor decides to invest, they can complete the investment process online, including completing any necessary paperwork and transferring funds.

  5. The company receives the funds raised and can use them to finance its business operations or growth.

  6. Investors can track the performance of their investments on the platform and receive updates from the company.

Online capital formation allows companies to raise capital from a wider pool of investors and allows investors to access a greater range of investment opportunities. It also enables companies to raise capital more quickly and efficiently than traditional methods such as going public or seeking venture capital funding. However, it is important for both companies and investors to thoroughly research and carefully consider the risks and potential returns of any investment.

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